Golden Triangle (Delhi, Agra and Jaipur)

India’s Golden Triangle is a tourist circuit which connects the National Capital Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. The Golden Triangle is so called because of the triangular shape formed by the locations of New Delhi, Agra and Rajasthan on a map. The trips usually start in Delhi moving south to the site of Taj Mahal at Agra, then west to the desert landscapes of Rajasthan.


Delhi, India’s capital territory, is a massive metropolitan area in the country’s north. In Old Delhi, stands the imposing Mughal-era Red Fort, a symbol of India, and the sprawling Jama Masjid mosque, whose courtyard accommodates 25,000 people. Nearby is Chandni Chowk, a vibrant bazaar filled with food carts, sweets shops and spice stalls. There are many other tourist places to quote like Lotus Temple, India Gate, Qutab Minar, Akshardham Temple, Birla Mandir, Jantar Mantar etc.,


This is a city in northern India’s Uttar Pradesh state. It’s home to the iconic Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Panch Mahal etc.,

Taj Mahal:
A mausoleum built for the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The imposing main building features a massive dome and intricately carved white marble inlaid with precious stones. This is set behind a reflecting pool inside a courtyard defined by 4 minarets. The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. It is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India’s rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year. In 2007, it was declared a winner of the New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.

Agra Fort:
Agra Fort is a historical fort in the city of Agra in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638, when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi. The Agra fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is about 2.5 km northwest from the Taj Mahal


Jaipur is the capital of India’s Rajasthan state. It evokes the royal family that once ruled the region and that, in 1727, founded what is now called the Old City, or “Pink City” for its trademark building color. At the center of its stately street grid (notable in India) stands the opulent, colonnaded City Palace complex. With gardens, courtyards and museums, part of it is still a royal residence.


Amber Fort:
Amber Fort Renowned for its combination of Hindu and Mughal architecture, the Amber Fort is located about 11 km from Jaipur in Rajasthan. The citadel was the seat of the Kachhawa Rajputs who ruled Amer in Rajasthan before the capital was moved to the present day Jaipur. The construction of the fort was commenced in 1592 by Raja Man Singh I over the remnants of an earlier fortified structure. The fort was built with red sandstone. It was modified by successive rulers for 150 next years.


City Palace:
Built in 1729-1732 AD, the City Palace in Jaipur was where the Maharaja of Jaipur reigned from. The Palace complex also includes the famous ‘Chandra Mahal’ and ‘Mubarak Mahal’. The famous gates to the Palace – the ‘Udai Pol’, ‘Jaleb Chowk’, ‘Tripolia Gate’ and ‘Virendra Pol’ – reflect Rajput, Mughal and European architectural styles. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II is known to have shifted from Amer to Jaipur due to water problems and an increase in population in 1727. The city’s architectural design was left to the chief architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. The architect went on to design the City Palace in accordance with the Vaastushastra texts. The ex-royal family still lives in a part of the palace.


Jantar Mantar:
A visit to Jaipur is incomplete without a visit to the historic Jantar Mantar. It is one of the five observatories built by Sawai Jai Singh in 1718. It houses a huge collection of astronomical instruments and the world’s biggest sundial. Jantar Mantar is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is a must-visit for all history lovers.


Hawa Mahal:
Hawa Mahal or the Palace of winds was built by Sawai Pratap Singh in 1747. It has latticed windows that allowed royal ladies to have view of the market place. From the top one can have a view of Jantar Mantar and the City Palace on one side and the Siredeori bazaar on theother side. Jaipur is very much synonymous with Hawa Mahal.


Jal Mahal:
Located in the heart of the Man Sagar lake is the magnificent Jal Mahal, one of Jaipur’s prime tourist attractions. The palace appears to float on the waters of the lake, hence the name Jal Mahal (Water Palace). The lake was created in the 16th Century by constructing a dam to conserve water. The palace, built in 1799 by Maharaja Madho Singh I, was modeled on a similar palace, the Lake Palace located in Udaipur.


Albert Hall Museum:
Albert Hall Museum is one of the oldest museums in Rajasthan. Located amidst Ram Niwas Garden in Jaipur, the Albert Hall Museum houses a collection of rare paintings, exquisite jewelry, chiseled brass-ware, pottery and natural stones, ivory goods, metal sculptures and crystal works. It is renowned as a fine example of Indo- Saracenic architecture. The foundation for the museum was laid in 1876 by the Prince of Wales, Albert Edward. It was made into a museum in 1880 by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II on the recommendation of a resident surgeon. The construction completed in 1887. Since then, it became a knowledge center with abundant information on the history of civilizations, and a place for preserving traditional Indian art and craft forms. Today, the museum also houses an Egyptian mummy belonging to the Ptolemaic Era along with several other ancient carpets, wood-crafts, arms and weapons.


Nahargarh Fort:
Forming an impressive backdrop of Jaipur is the humongous Nahargarh fort. It was built by Jai Singh for the protection of Amer in 1734 and extended in 1868.The fort is located on the Aravali Hills. Legend has it that it was named Nahargarh after Nahar Singh, a prince whose spirit would destroy the construction and stall its progress. So after a tantrik invoked the spirit, it agreed to withdraw on condition that the fort would be named after him. The Madhavendra Bhawan, built by Sawai Madho Singh has a unique cluster of 12 identical suites for queens and at the head is a suite for the king himself. The rooms are linked by corridors and retain some delicate frescoes as well as toilets and kitchen hearths. It was used by members of the royal family for excursion in summers and is even now a favored picnic spot.

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